Youth Employment Toolkit

The Youth Employment Toolkit is a free online resource that presents summaries of evidence on interventions that are used to help young people who are out of work get jobs. This first edition of the Toolkit contains information about seven different kinds of intervention. We will update it regularly to add more interventions and new data on the ones that are already included.

The research that underpins the Toolkit includes findings from a network meta-analysis of published evaluations. This means we can present the impact of individual interventions as components of youth employment programmes.

You are strongly advised to look beyond this front page and explore the summaries for the interventions that are of interest to you.

The toolkit is designed to provide a trusted and unbiased assessment of the available evidence, ensuring that current and future evidence is readily available. The toolkit is only based on high-quality impact studies, randomised controlled trials and Quasi Experimental Designs.

We are hopeful that the insights generated from the Toolkit and beyond will help inform policy and practice going forward, and we look forward to continuing to shape brighter futures for young people with partners and stakeholders.

Click here to find out how to use the Toolkit

Click here to find out general information about the Toolkit

Click here to read the technical guide to the Toolkit


On-the-job training

On-the-job training aims to develop young people’s vocational skills for specific jobs and sectors through learning that takes place primarily in the workplace, and alongside or embedded with paid or unpaid work.
Impact Evidence strength Costs

Basic skills training

Basic skills training seeks to help young people develop literacy, numeracy and/or digital skills that are needed for work and learning but are not specific to a particular occupation.
Impact Evidence strength Costs


Off-the-job training aims to develop young people’s vocational skills for specific jobs and sectors through learning that takes place primarily outside the workplace.
Impact Evidence strength Costs

Life skills training

Life skills training aims to develop young people’s interpersonal and psychosocial skills for work, through different kinds of instruction and/or activity.
Impact Evidence strength Costs

Wage subsidy progammes

Wage subsidy programmes offer payment to employers who agree to employ people from a specific social group who might otherwise struggle to access the labour market.
Impact Evidence strength Costs


Apprenticeships combine paid on-the-job training with off-the-job training, in programmes that usually last for at least a year of full-time engagement.
Impact Evidence strength Costs

Mentoring and coaching

A mentor or coach can offer guidance and support to a young person to identify goals and overcome challenges.
Impact Evidence strength Costs
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The Youth Employment Toolkit is published by the Youth Futures Foundation.

The Toolkit includes references to third party research and publications which Youth Futures Foundation is not responsible for, and cannot guarantee the accuracy of.

While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information that the toolkit contains, Youth Futures Foundation makes no warranty (express or implied) regarding that information and does not accept responsibility for any errors, omissions, or misleading statements that the toolkit or the materials it refers to may contain.

The impact of any youth employment intervention depends on the context and quality of implementation, and if you use the Youth Employment Toolkit as the basis for an intervention you should consider carefully how best to implement it in your particular circumstances. You should also check that you are using the most up-to-date version of the Toolkit, as it will be updated on an ongoing basis as new information becomes available. As a consequence, Youth Futures Foundation does not accept responsibility for the outcomes or impacts of interventions planned using information from the Youth Employment Toolkit.

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